River Jordan was deep and wide. Alleluia.
Milk and honey on the other
The river was chilly and
the river was cold, Alleluia.
But the waters parted, so
I’ve been told. Alleluia.
I changed a few words in this verse of
the spiritual. What was the last line originally? Answer:
Chills the body but not the soul. Alleluia.
The line that I wrote makes you wonder:
Did it really happen? The story says God parted the waters of the Jordan River
just like at the Red Sea.
But did God really part waters twice? The Israelites could have gotten
across this river on their own easily. We don’t need to imagine a miracle every
time something impossible occurs in a Bible story. It could be Israel’s
faith interpreting history. It could be just the way things get remembered.
Patterns get imposed on unique events. In this case the pattern might be called
“in cahoots with nature” or “nature in cahoots with God.” So Israel “remembered”
nature assisting them when God willed it. On other occasions
they “remembered” nature punishing them when that was God’s will. I
think the correctness of the faith or the pattern is a separate issue from the
accuracy of the memory—but not totally separate. After all, Israel put
her faith in a God who acts in history.
The original version of the song is
more poetic. It puts everything in the present—“The River Jordan is (now)
chilly and cold.” It makes you think of your own life as a journey to the
Promised Land. It makes the whole story of Israel’s journey from Egypt to
the Promised Land into a metaphor for life. It’s a well-loved
metaphor—life as a journey. It has given hope to oppressed people and meaning
when life otherwise seemed to have none. I like it for its sense of adventure.
I think of it as a journey with no coming back, so it’s not like a vacation or
even a pilgrimage or a vision quest. After any of those journeys you’re
back where you started, changed maybe, but still back home.
If life is a journey, then home is a
place we've never been. Where we are now has names like “exile,” “valley of
tears,” a place we are “in” but not “of.” These are pretty much negative
descriptions. They answer well to the experience of half of the people on the
planet or more, not so well to my own. But I distance myself from my rather
comfortable situation and remember that I am in the same category as the poor
of the world when I think of life as a journey. Israel was
told to remember their journey in the same spirit:
You shall not violate the rights of the
alien or of the orphan, nor take the clothing of a widow as a pledge. For,
remember, you were once slaves in Egypt,
and the LORD, your God, ransomed you from there; that is why I command you to
observe this rule. When you reap the harvest in your field and overlook a
sheaf there, you shall not go back to get it; let it be for the alien, the
orphan or the widow . . . . For remember that you were once slaves in Egypt;
that is why I command you to observe this rule. (Deuteronomy 24:17-22)
It doesn’t say “Your
ancestors” but “You were once slaves in Egypt.”
It was many generations since the Israelites had become a nation. Israel had more
pleasant memories than slavery in Egypt,
some more imaginary than real, like this one--
Judah and Israel lived
in security, every man under his vine or under his fig tree, from Dan to
Beer-sheba, as long as Solomon lived. (1 Kings 5:5)
But they weren’t allowed to think of
themselves as owners of the land, or vines and fig trees. Long after they
had settled down in the land God had given them, they still could not do with
the land or its produce whatever they liked. A piece of land could be worked
for only seven years. Then it had to lie fallow for a year and take a
"Sabbath" rest. Every 49th year all land that was sold had to return
to the family that had owned it originally. The price of any land that was sold
was greater or less depending on the number of years left before that
"year of restoration."
Your land must not be
sold on a permanent basis, because you do not own it; it belongs to God, and
you are like foreigners who are allowed to make use of it. (Leviticus 25:23)
Israelites did not even own themselves
exactly. If destitute, they could sell themselves into slavery. They could
acquire other Israelites for service as slaves, provided they observed rules
for treating slaves. But it could only be temporary. Slaves, like purchased
land, were freed during the year of restoration.
An impressive sort of justice
sprang from the metaphor of a wandering people, and hope for those whose
homelessness is less figurative than real.
On to Four